Located in central Florida’s Osceola County, Kissimmee has been my staple vacation spot for as long as I can remember. It’s an incredible place, known for its proximity to some of the largest and most popular attractions in the state. What makes it even more special is that it’s equidistant from the beautiful Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts.
When I think about Kissimmee, I can’t help but mention its population. At the time of the last census, it had nearly 60,000 residents. However, during the peak tourism season, our numbers swell significantly as people from all over the world come to experience the magic of this place.
The history of Kissimmee is rich and fascinating. It was first explored by Spanish missionaries and treasure seekers over four centuries ago. I often find myself imagining what this land must have looked like back then, untouched by modern development. The name of the city itself was derived from the language of a local Native American people who had lived here for generations before it was officially settled.
Now, let’s talk about the things you won’t want to miss when you visit Kissimmee. There are 14 incredible activities in and around this area that I hold dear to my heart. They have become an integral part of my life, and I’m excited to share them with you.
1. Walt Disney World
Of all the family destinations in Florida, my personal favorite has to be Walt Disney World. I had the opportunity to visit Kissimmee with my children, and let me tell you, it was an experience that deserves a top spot on any family’s itinerary.
As we entered the magical world of Walt Disney World, we were greeted with a plethora of attractions to explore. From the thrilling adventures of Hollywood Studios to the futuristic wonders of Epcot, there was something for everyone in the family. And let’s not forget about the excitement of Blizzard Beach Water Park, where we cooled off and enjoyed exhilarating water rides.
Walking through the park, I couldn’t help but feel like I was part of a zoo, a museum, and an amusement park all rolled into one. The attention to detail in every corner was astounding, making it feel like we were stepping into different worlds with each new attraction. It truly was a feast for the senses.
With so much to see and do, it’s no wonder many families, including ours, choose to spend the majority of their vacation inside the park. We found ourselves immersed in the magic, hopping from one ride to another, laughing and creating lasting memories together.
However, I must admit that during peak times, the park can get quite crowded. But the experience was worth it, as we got to witness the joy and wonder on our children’s faces as they interacted with their favorite characters and rode the iconic attractions.
Now, it’s important to note that admission to Walt Disney World isn’t cheap. But fear not, as there are often coupons and special offers available online and in travel and tourism magazines. With a little bit of research and planning, we managed to find some great deals that made our visit more affordable.
2. Kissimmee Lakefront Park
Located on East Monument Avenue, I discovered Kissimmee’s Lakefront Park, which felt like a refreshing change from the bustling world of Walt Disney World. As I stepped into the park, I immediately sensed a different atmosphere, one that exuded tranquility and historical significance.
Gone were the life-sized movie characters and thrilling roller coasters; instead, I found myself standing before an intriguing monument that held a deep historical meaning. This monument served as a poignant tribute to the brave souls who fought and sacrificed their lives during the infamous Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Walking closer, I couldn’t help but marvel at the monument’s construction. It was the brainchild of a patriotic local doctor who had envisioned a lasting tribute to honor the fallen heroes. What struck me the most was the material used in its creation. The monument was crafted from rocks, each donated by individuals from every state in the union. It symbolized unity and the collective remembrance of those who had fought valiantly in the face of adversity.
As I explored further, I realized that Lakefront Park had much more to offer than just the monument. Situated along the serene north shore of Lake Toho, the park encompassed a vast area that attracted various types of visitors. Families and friends gathered here for picnics, spreading out blankets and enjoying the pleasant surroundings. The park seemed to invite a sense of togetherness and relaxation.
Bird watchers dotted the landscape, their eyes trained on the diverse avian species that called the park home. The air was filled with the melodies of chirping birds, creating a harmonious symphony that blended seamlessly with the tranquil ambiance. It was a sanctuary for both the avian residents and the enthusiastic bird enthusiasts.
The park also appealed to those who sought solace in the art of fishing. Along the lake’s edge, I noticed several individuals patiently casting their lines, hoping to catch a prized fish. The rhythmic sounds of fishing reels and the occasional excited cheer filled the air, adding an element of excitement to the park’s serene atmosphere.
3. Boggy Creek Airboat Adventures
There’s no experience quite like getting up close and personal with Florida’s mystical swamps and enchanting glades, and I had the chance to do just that by hopping on an airboat. My adventure took place at Boggy Creek Airboat Adventures, located on East Southport Road in Kissimmee.
As I arrived at the airboat center, I couldn’t help but feel a sense of anticipation and excitement. The air was thick with the promise of adventure, and the sound of the airboats revving their engines only heightened my enthusiasm. Boggy Creek Airboat Adventures boasted a fleet of airboats, each capable of accommodating nearly 20 passengers. Their specialty was providing thrilling animal viewing tours in the heart of the Everglades’ headwaters.
Stepping onto the airboat, I could feel the vibrations beneath my feet as the powerful engine roared to life. The wind tousled my hair as I settled into my seat, eagerly awaiting the journey ahead. Our experienced guide, a true master of the swamps, took the helm, ready to navigate us through this untamed wilderness.
As we ventured deeper into the murky waters, a world previously hidden from my view began to unveil itself. Gators lurked just below the surface, their eyes peering above the waterline, keeping a watchful gaze on our passing vessel. Slithering snakes and turtles basked lazily under the warm Florida sun, completely undisturbed by our presence. The air was alive with the symphony of bird calls, as a diverse array of wading and predatory birds soared above us, showcasing their graceful flight.
Boggy Creek Airboat Adventures offered a variety of tour packages, each catering to different lengths of time. It was a difficult choice, but I opted for a comprehensive tour, eager to immerse myself fully in this captivating ecosystem. With each passing moment, I grew more captivated by the wonders surrounding me, awestruck by the natural beauty that Florida’s swamps held within their embrace.
After our exhilarating adventure through the wetlands, we returned to the airboat center, brimming with stories to share and memories etched deep into our hearts. It was here that I discovered an unexpected surprise—a new barbecue restaurant named Native American Village and an accompanying gator farm. The tantalizing aroma of smoked meats wafted through the air, enticing me to indulge in a hearty meal. I couldn’t resist the allure, and I found myself spending a few extra hours savoring the delicious flavors and exploring the gator farm’s intriguing exhibits.
4. Oaks National Golf Club
With such a dizzying array of options for us golfers visiting the Sunshine State, it was quite difficult to decide where to play. However, my curiosity led me to Oaks National Golf Club, and boy, was I in for a treat.
As I approached the club, I couldn’t help but admire the magnificent, century-old oak trees that gracefully lined the manicured fairways. The name of the club was a perfect homage to these majestic beauties. The moment I set foot on the course, I could sense that I was about to experience something special.
Oaks National Golf Club truly lived up to its reputation as a championship caliber course. The lush green fairways stretched out before me, inviting me to take my first swing. The course design was impeccable, and it offered just the right amount of challenge to keep me engaged throughout the game.
One of the things that surprised me the most was the affordability of this gem compared to the other elite courses in the area. It was a pleasant surprise to find such a high-quality course without breaking the bank. Oaks National Golf Club proved that you don’t always need to spend a fortune to enjoy a top-notch golfing experience.
As I made my way through the course, I couldn’t help but appreciate the thoughtful placement of water hazards and sand traps. They added an element of excitement and strategy to each hole. I even had the privilege of witnessing nature’s beauty during my round. Majestic eagles soared above me, their wings gracefully cutting through the air. And there, amidst the natural landscape, I caught sight of wild turkeys roaming freely. It was a truly picturesque and unforgettable sight.
After an exhilarating round of golf, I headed to the club’s full-service restaurant to satisfy my hunger. The delicious aroma of freshly prepared meals greeted me as I entered. I indulged in a satisfying meal, savoring every bite and relishing in the camaraderie of fellow golf enthusiasts.
Before leaving, I made sure to stop by the pro shop to browse through their impressive collection of golfing equipment and attire. The staff was friendly and knowledgeable, providing helpful recommendations for my next golfing adventure.
5. Museum of Military History
I had the opportunity to visit Kissimmee’s Museum of Military History, and let me tell you, it was quite an experience. The museum is conveniently located on West Irlo Bronson Memorial Highway and has been welcoming visitors since 2012.
As I stepped inside, I was immediately struck by the vast array of exhibits, artifacts, and displays that chronicle the history of warfare in our country. Being an amateur historian and having a deep respect for our military personnel, I knew this was a must-see destination for me.
One of the first things that impressed me was the affordability of admission. The cost was reasonable and didn’t break the bank, which made the visit even more enticing. I eagerly paid and ventured further into the museum.
The collection of items on display was truly remarkable. From meticulously preserved uniforms to a wide range of weapons, the museum had it all. I found myself standing in awe as I gazed at the impressive collection of military vehicles, each telling its own story of past battles and heroic deeds.
But it wasn’t just the tangible artifacts that captured my attention. The museum also featured an extensive collection of photographs, letters, and firsthand accounts from soldiers who had experienced the horrors of war. Many of these accounts were graphic and poignant, serving as a somber reminder of the sacrifices made by those who fought for our freedom.
Visiting the museum was not only educational but also served as a refuge from the unpredictable weather. On a rainy day or when I had reached my limit of battling hordes of tourists in other attractions, the museum provided a peaceful and thought-provoking environment. I spent a good hour immersed in the exhibits, reading the stories behind each item and reflecting on the impact of war throughout our nation’s history.
6. Lake Tohopekaliga
With too many syllables for most mouths to spit out correctly, we locals affectionately call it Lake Toho. Let me tell you, that place is something else. I had the privilege of experiencing its vastness firsthand, and let me tell you, it’s big. I mean, it’s not just big, it’s colossal. Imagine a surface area of over 20,000 acres! It’s a haven for nature enthusiasts and those who love the great outdoors.
As I ventured out onto the lake, I couldn’t help but marvel at the abundance of native wildlife that calls it home. There were gators lurking in the depths, otters frolicking along the shore, and graceful wading birds gracefully dancing on the water’s edge. But what truly caught my attention were the legendary Florida-strain largemouth bass. These beauties were famous for their incredible size, and boy, did they live up to the hype. I witnessed some of the most massive bass I had ever seen, thriving in these waters.
At the north end of the lake, there’s a park that offers a range of amenities. Walking trails meandered through the surrounding landscape, inviting visitors to explore the natural wonders around them. The scent of sizzling barbecues filled the air, tempting my taste buds. Restrooms provided much-needed relief, and covered picnic areas offered a respite from the sun’s relentless rays. And let’s not forget about the little ones! The park had a delightful playground and even a splash pad, ensuring that kids could have their own dose of fun in this outdoor paradise.
Every few years, I’ve heard stories of the venerable American alligator snatching a hapless tourist from the shores of a lake or swamp. It’s a chilling thought, and it’s enough to make anyone cautious when venturing into such areas. But let me tell you, the good news is that I experienced something quite different at Gatorland.
I found myself standing on South Orange Blossom Trail in Orlando, right in front of Gatorland—a unique destination that blends a wildlife preserve, a zoo, and a theme park into one thrilling experience. My heart raced with anticipation as I entered the gates, knowing that I was about to embark on an adventure like no other.
As I made my way through the park, I couldn’t help but be captivated by the sheer beauty and diversity of the animals that called Gatorland home. The park’s breeding marsh, in particular, caught my attention. It was teeming with crocs and gators, all of which could be observed from an elevated boardwalk or the numerous observation towers scattered throughout the area.
I climbed one of the towers, feeling a mix of excitement and trepidation. From this vantage point, I had a bird’s-eye view of these incredible creatures. Their powerful jaws, scaly bodies, and piercing eyes left me in awe. It was a humbling experience to witness these ancient creatures up close, knowing that they had thrived for millions of years.
But Gatorland had more in store for me. As I explored further, I stumbled upon their most recent addition—a towering zip line that spanned more than 1,000 feet from end to end. The adrenaline junkie within me couldn’t resist the temptation. I signed up for the zip line experience, eager to feel the rush of soaring through the air above the park.
As I strapped on the harness and took my place at the starting point, my heart pounded with a mixture of excitement and nervousness. With a final deep breath, I launched myself into the air. The wind rushed past me as I zipped across the park, getting a unique perspective on the animal habitats and the lush surroundings. It was an exhilarating moment that I’ll never forget.
Gatorland turned out to be more than just a theme park; it was a place where education and entertainment seamlessly blended together. From the thrilling zip line adventure to the awe-inspiring encounters with the alligators and crocodiles, every moment at Gatorland left me with a sense of wonder and appreciation for the natural world.
8. Fish Orlando Trophy Bass Guide Service
For decades, I’ve known Florida as the ultimate destination for anglers seeking the thrill of catching a record-breaking largemouth bass. The state proudly held the world record for this prestigious feat, until California swooped in and claimed the title. However, Florida remains unmatched as the number one bass fishing haven in the country.
During my recent adventure, I had the pleasure of booking a trip with Fish Orlando Trophy Bass Service, a renowned company specializing in unforgettable excursions on some of Florida’s finest bodies of water. They offered trips to the famous Lakes Toho and Harris, as well as the majestic St. Johns River. The choices were overwhelming, but I eventually settled on a trip to Lakes Toho, which had garnered a reputation for producing monster bass.
When I arrived at the dock, I was greeted by the friendly and knowledgeable guides from Fish Orlando. They were passionate about their craft and eager to share their expertise. The company offered a range of tour packages, allowing guests to customize their fishing experience based on their preferences and schedules. I opted for a full-day adventure, craving every moment I could spend casting my line into the shimmering waters.
Before we set sail, the guides briefed us on the different fishing techniques we could employ. They offered two options: fishing with lures or live bait. It was a tough decision, as both methods had their own unique appeal. After careful consideration, I chose to test my skills with lures, hoping to entice those elusive bass with tantalizing artificial prey.
As we ventured out onto the glassy surface of Lake Toho, I couldn’t help but feel a surge of excitement coursing through my veins. The anticipation of what lay beneath those tranquil waters was almost unbearable. The sun beamed down on us, casting a warm glow over the scenery, and I made sure to heed the guides’ advice by wearing a hat, sunglasses, and generously applying sunscreen to protect myself from the unforgiving Florida sun.
Throughout the day, the guides shared their extensive knowledge of the lake, pointing out prime fishing spots and offering tips on presentation and technique. Their guidance was invaluable, as they seemed to possess an innate understanding of the behavior and habits of these legendary bass.
With each cast, I felt a surge of hope, eagerly waiting for that electrifying moment when a bass would strike my lure. The hours flew by as we navigated the vast expanse of Lake Toho, our lines dancing through the water in a synchronized rhythm. Although the bass remained elusive for a while, the thrill of the chase and the stunning natural beauty surrounding me made every moment worthwhile.
Finally, as the sun began its descent, I felt a tug on my line that sent adrenaline coursing through my veins. With bated breath, I reeled in my prize—a magnificent largemouth bass, a testament to Florida’s angling prowess. It was a moment of pure triumph, and I couldn’t help but revel in the accomplishment.
As the day drew to a close, I couldn’t help but reflect on the incredible experience I had just lived. Florida had once again proven why it was the ultimate destination for bass fishing enthusiasts. The expertise and hospitality of Fish Orlando Trophy Bass Service had elevated my adventure to new heights, leaving me with unforgettable memories and an insatiable desire to return to these waters.
9. Busch Gardens Tampa
One of the most thrilling experiences I had during my time in Kissimmee was visiting Busch Gardens Tampa. This popular theme park, located on McKinley Drive, offered an unforgettable adventure that made me feel like I was part of an incredible wildlife expedition.
The highlight of my visit was undoubtedly the Serengeti Safari area. As soon as I stepped into this unique section of the park, I was surrounded by a breathtaking array of animals native to Africa. The guided tours offered both during the day and at night allowed me to get up close and personal with these majestic creatures. I hopped aboard an open-air truck and felt a rush of excitement as we set off on our safari adventure.
As the truck rumbled along, I couldn’t help but marvel at the proximity to the animals. It felt as though I could reach out and touch them, even though there was a safe distance between us. The knowledgeable guide provided fascinating insights about each species we encountered, making the experience educational as well as thrilling.
Beyond the captivating wildlife encounters, Busch Gardens Tampa had so much more to offer. The park was teeming with carnival-style rides that provided an adrenaline rush and left me screaming with delight. I couldn’t resist the temptation to take a spin on the whimsical movie and fairytale-themed attractions scattered throughout the park.
When I needed a break from the excitement, I explored the numerous shops and restaurants available. From souvenirs to tasty treats, there was something for everyone. I highly recommend trying some of the local cuisine to truly immerse yourself in the Florida experience.
To make the most of my visit and avoid large crowds, I planned my trip for the morning and opted to visit during the week. This strategy paid off, as I was able to enjoy the rides and attractions without long queues or overwhelming crowds. It allowed me to savor every moment and take in the park’s vibrant atmosphere at my own pace.
As soon as I entered Legoland in Winter Haven, I could feel the excitement bubbling inside me. This place was created with children like me, aged 2 to 12, in mind, and I could already tell it was going to be an incredible experience. The vibrant colors and larger-than-life Lego sculptures greeted me at every turn, igniting my imagination and filling me with wonder.
Legoland was like no other place I had ever been to before. It was a magical combination of an educational facility, an amusement park, and a botanical garden. Everywhere I looked, there were opportunities to learn, play, and create. I couldn’t wait to dive into all the fun activities that awaited me.
One of the highlights of the park were the Lego building areas. These were the heart and soul of Legoland, where kids like me were encouraged to let our creativity soar. With endless bins of colorful Lego bricks at our fingertips, we could construct our own masterpieces. The feeling of accomplishment as I built my creations was exhilarating, and I couldn’t help but admire the unique designs crafted by my fellow young builders.
As I explored further, I discovered that Legoland had attractions for kids of all ages. Some of the rides were meant only for older children, but there were plenty of options for toddlers like me as well. I was overjoyed to find age-appropriate rides and interactive experiences that were just right for my little adventurous spirit. From gentle carousels to mini roller coasters, there was no shortage of fun-filled adventures waiting for me.
What’s more, I learned that Legoland offered more than just a day trip. There was a fantastic hotel right on site, allowing families to stay close to the action for multiple days. Imagine waking up and stepping out of your hotel room straight into the enchanting world of Legoland! I couldn’t wait to convince my parents to plan a longer stay so I could experience everything this incredible place had to offer.
11. Medieval Times Dinner and Tournament in Orlando
There’s nothing quite like sinking my teeth into a juicy turkey leg, savoring the rich flavors, while immersing myself in the thrilling world of jousting. After a long day on my weary feet, this was the perfect way to unwind and have an unforgettable evening. I decided to embark on a trip to the enchanting Medieval Times Dinner and Tournament in Orlando, and it turned out to be a wise choice indeed.
As I approached the grand entrance, my eyes widened in awe at the sight of the impressive reproduction castle standing tall before me. The ambiance was instantly captivating, transporting me back in time to an era of knights, castles, and chivalry. The air was filled with excitement and anticipation as I joined the gathering crowd of fellow enthusiasts, all eager to experience the medieval adventure awaiting us.
The castle was bustling with activity, adorned with costumed knights, wenches, serfs, and even royalty. Their elaborate attire and attention to detail added to the authenticity of the experience. I couldn’t help but feel like I had stepped into a different world, a world where I was a spectator to a grand spectacle.
Taking my seat in the expansive arena, I marveled at the sight before me. The arena was the stage for a dazzling display of sword fights, falconry, and impressive feats of horsemanship. The knights demonstrated their skill and bravery as they engaged in intense combat, their swords clashing and sparks flying, all while mounted on majestic steeds. The crowd erupted in cheers and applause, thoroughly engrossed in the exhilarating performances.
Meanwhile, as the entertainment unfolded, I found myself indulging in a semi-authentic four-course meal. The tantalizing aroma of roasted meats and hearty dishes filled the air, whetting my appetite. I relished every bite of the sumptuous fare, savoring each flavor as I immersed myself further in this extraordinary experience. The combination of delicious food and thrilling entertainment created a truly unique and memorable evening.
12. Titanic – The Artifact Exhibition
As I stepped into the Titanic Artifact Exhibition, I was immediately struck by the grandeur and magnitude of the place. Spread over thousands of square feet, the exhibition comprised nearly 20 distinct galleries, each holding a treasure trove of artifacts, memorabilia, and personal accounts linked to the tragic sinking of the colossal ship over a century ago. It was as if I had traveled back in time, ready to immerse myself in the stories of those who had sailed on that ill-fated voyage.
The sheer size of the exhibition made it clear that I needed to allocate a good amount of time to fully appreciate its offerings. Knowing that I didn’t want to rush through, I planned to spend at least an hour or two exploring every nook and cranny, eager to get the most out of my visit. I was determined to absorb the emotions and historical significance of this incredible collection.
Among the numerous attractions, a few stood out as particularly popular. The first was the mesmerizing display of the underwater rooms. As I gazed at the recreated cabins submerged beneath a gentle blue glow, I couldn’t help but imagine the eerie silence that once filled those very spaces. It sent shivers down my spine, realizing the magnitude of the tragedy that occurred in those very rooms.
Another captivating feature was the full-scale reproduction of the ship’s boiler. Its sheer size and intricacy were awe-inspiring. Standing next to it, I marveled at the engineering marvel that was the Titanic, trying to comprehend the immense power and complexity that lay beneath its luxurious exterior. It was a poignant reminder of the human ambition that ultimately met with tragedy.
As hunger gnawed at my stomach, I made my way to the replica of the ship’s restaurant, the place where many passengers had shared their final meal. Sitting at one of the tables, I imagined the conversations and laughter that had once filled the air, unaware of the impending doom. It was a haunting experience, as if I could almost hear the echoes of the past.
To top off the immersive journey, there was an option to indulge in a popular dinner theatre. I couldn’t resist the allure of stepping even further into the Titanic’s world, imagining myself as a passenger experiencing the opulence and drama of that bygone era. It was a chance to witness firsthand the stories that unfolded within the ship’s walls, a captivating blend of entertainment and historical education.
13. Manor Professional Wrestling Dinner Show
As a weary traveler, I found myself yearning for a break from the endless stream of high-brow art museums and historic landmarks. The desire for a few hours of light-hearted diversion led me to discover a unique and exhilarating experience – the Manor Professional Wrestling Dinner Show.
Stepping into the venue, I was immediately captivated by the vibrant atmosphere. The air buzzed with anticipation as spectators filled the seats, eagerly awaiting the spectacle about to unfold. The cast of characters, adorned with catchy monikers like Lady Golden Eyes and Lord Darkness, piqued my curiosity, and I couldn’t help but be intrigued by what lay ahead.
As the lights dimmed and the show commenced, I found myself immersed in a world where heroes and villains clashed with undeniable gusto. The wrestlers, donning snug leotards, displayed their remarkable athleticism and larger-than-life personalities. Every move and gesture elicited a roar of excitement from the crowd, including myself.
The evening wasn’t solely about the wrestling, though. To my delight, the experience was complemented by a delectable dinner that surpassed my expectations. The savory aromas wafted through the air, enticing my taste buds. With each bite, I savored the flavors and relished in the fact that this unique form of entertainment could also provide such a satisfying culinary experience.
If you happen to be traveling with a sizable group of more than 15, there’s an added bonus. Manor Professional Wrestling Dinner Show offers special rates for larger parties, making it an even more enticing option for a night of entertainment and camaraderie.
14. Kissimmee Air Museum
Florida holds a wealth of captivating stories within its rich civilian and military aviation histories. As an airplane enthusiast and amateur historian, I recently had the incredible opportunity to immerse myself in these narratives at the renowned Kissimmee Air Museum. Stepping into the museum felt like entering a time capsule, transporting me through the annals of aviation.
The vast collection on display showcased a stunning array of historic aircraft, each representing a different era and originating from various corners of the globe. It was a truly international gathering of flying marvels, all gathered under one roof. The meticulous craftsmanship and attention to detail evident in these aircraft spoke volumes about the dedication and ingenuity of the engineers and aviators who built and flew them.
Located at the Kissimmee Gateway Airport, the museum had much more to offer beyond its static exhibits. One of the highlights for me was the opportunity to take flight in a vintage aircraft. The anticipation built as I approached the runway, knowing I was about to experience firsthand the thrill of aviation history. Among the selection of aircraft available for rides, the North American P-51 Mustang held a special place in the hearts of many visitors.
The P-51 Mustang was not just an ordinary aircraft; it was a legendary fighter plane that played a pivotal role in World War II. Tasked with the crucial mission of escorting heavy and slow-moving bombers on daring raids over Germany, it embodied both power and agility. The aircraft’s sleek and unmistakable design, combined with its formidable firepower, made it a force to be reckoned with in the skies.
As I climbed aboard the P-51 Mustang, I couldn’t help but feel a sense of reverence for the brave pilots who flew these machines into the heart of danger. The roar of the engine, the vibrations beneath me, and the wind rushing through the cockpit all added to the immersive experience. It was as if I had been transported back in time, joining those courageous aviators on their harrowing missions.